Kenali Jenis Hewan Langka Dilindungi di Indonesia yang Harus Dijaga

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Kenali Hewan Langka Dilindungi di Indonesia yang Harus Dijaga
Tarsius saat dipotret malam hari - Foto/Pixabay
Anis Kurniawan

Klikhijau.com – Hewan langka atau satwa mamalia di Indonesia harus dijaga, setidaknya agar tetap berada di habitatnya. Peredarannya di pasar internasional juga harus disetop karena dapat mengganggu populasinya.

Bagi Anda yang tertarik memelihara satwa, sebaiknya tidak dengan satwa dilindungi atau hewan langka, ancaman pidana tentu menanti bila memelihara jenis ini.

Penting untuk diketahui bahwa hewan langka atau satwa dilindungi khususnya yang khas Indonesia merupakan bagian dari kekayaan keanekaragaman hayati kita. Manfaat keanekaragaman hayati dapat dilihat DI SINI! Dengan pengetahuan tentang hal ini, kita setidaknya dapat berperan menjaga dan mengawasi peredaran hewan langka ini.

Negara pun telah mengatur dan melindungi satwa mamalia dilindungi Indonesia berdasarkan Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan RI, Nomor P.20/MENLHK/SETJEN/KUM.1/6/2018 tentang jenis tumbuhan dan satwa yang dilindungi.

Berikut daftar nama-nama hewan langka dilindungi yang merupakan revisi pada Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 7 Tahun 1999 tentang Pengawetan Jenis Tumbuhan dan Satwa dilindungi.

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No Nama Lokal Nama Latin Nama Inggris IUCN CITES
1. Trenggiling Manis javanica Sunda Pangolin Critically Endangered Appendix I
2. Tarsius Tangkasi Tarsius tarsier Spectral Tarsier, Eastern Tarsier Vulnerable Appendix II
3. Tarsius Siau Tarsius tumpara Siau Island Tarsier Critically Endangered Appendix II
4. Tarsius Lariang Tarsius lariang Lariang Tarsier Data Deficient Appendix II
5. Tapir Tenuk Tapirus indicus Malayan Tapir Endangered Appendix I
6. Sigung Sumatera Arctonyx collaris Greater Hog Badger, Hog Badger Vulnerable
7. Rusa Timor Rusa timorensis Sunda Sambar Vulnerable
8. Rusa Sambar Rusa unicolor Sambar Vulnerable
9. Rusa Bawean Axis kuhlii Bawean Deer Critically Endangered Appendix I
10. Pesut Mahakam Orcaella brevirostris Irrawaddy Dolphin Endangered Appendix I
11. Pelanduk Napu Tragulus napu Greater Mousedeer Least Concern
12. Pelanduk Kancil Tragulus javanicus Javan Mousedeer Data Deficient
13. Pelandu Nugini Thylogale browni New Guinea Pademelon Vulnerable
14. Pelandu Merah Thylogale stigmatica Red-legged Pademelon Least Concern
15. Pelandu Aru Thylogale brunii Dusky Pademelon , Dusky Wallaby Vulnerable
16. Pelandu Aru Thylogale brunii Dusky Pademelon , Dusky Wallaby Vulnerable
17. Paus Tombak Balaenoptera acutorostrata Minke Whale, Dwarf Minke Whale Least Concern Appendix I
18. Paus Sperma Physeter macrocephalus Sperm Whale Vulnerable Appendix I
19. Paus Sei Balaenoptera borealis Sei Whale Endangered Appendix I
20. Paus Pilot Bersirip Pendek Globicephala macrorhynchus Short-finned Pilot Whale, Pacific Pilot Whale Data Deficient Appendix II
21. Paus Pembunuh Orcinus orca Killer Whale, Orca Data Deficient Appendix II
22. Paus Pemangsa Palsu Pseudorca crassidens False Killer Whale Data Deficient Appendix II
23. Paus Pemangsa Kerdil Feresa attenuata Pygmy Killer Whale Data Deficient Appendix II
24. Paus Paruh Blainville Mesoplodon densirostris Blainville’s Beaked Whale Data Deficient Appendix II
25. Paus Paruh Bergigi Ginko Mesoplodon ginkgodens Ginkgo-toothed Beaked Whale Data Deficient Appendix II
26. Paus Paruh Angsa Ziphius cavirostris Cuvier’s Beaked Whale, Goose-beaked Whale Least Concern Appendix II
27. Paus Omura Balaenoptera omurai Omura’s Whale Data Deficient Appendix I
28. Paus Minke Antartika Balaenoptera bonaerensis Antarctic Minke Whale Near Threatened Appendix I
29. Paus Lodan Kecil Jauba Kogia breviceps Pygmy Sperm Whale Data Deficient Appendix II
30. Paus Lodan Kecil Kogia sima Dwarf Sperm Whale Data Deficient Appendix II
31. Paus Kepala Melon Peponocephala electra Melon-headed Whale Least Concern Appendix II
32. Paus Hidung Botol Indopacetus pacificus Indo-pacific Beaked Whale Data Deficient Appendix II
33. Paus Edeni Balaenoptera edeni Bryde’s Whale, Eden’s Whale Least Concern Appendix I
34. Paus Bongkok Megaptera novaeangliae Humpback Whale Least Concern Appendix I
35. Paus Biru Balaenoptera musculus Blue Whale Endangered Appendix I
36. Owa Ungko Hylobates agilis Agile Gibbon, Dark-handed Gibbon Endangered Appendix I
37. Owa Siamang Symphalangus syndactylus Siamang Endangered Appendix I
38. Owa Serudung Hylobates lar Lar Gibbon Endangered Appendix I
39. Owa Kalawat Hylobates muelleri Abbott’s Gray Gibbon Endangered Appendix I
40. Owa Jenggot Putih Hylobates albibarbis Bornean White-bearded Gibbon, Bornean Agile Gibbon Endangered Appendix I
41. Owa Jawa Hylobates moloch Javan Gibbon Endangered Appendix I
42. Owa Bilau Hylobates klossii Kloss’s Gibbon Endangered Appendix I
43. Orangutan Tapanuli Pongo tapanuliensis Tapanuli Orangutan Critically Endangered Appendix I
44. Orangutan Sumatera Pongo abelii Sumatran Orangutan Critically Endangered Appendix I
45. Orangutan Kalimantan Pongo pygmaeus Bornean Orangutan Critically Endangred Appendix I
46. Nokdiak Moncong Pendek Tachyglossus aculeatus Short-beaked Echidna Least Concern
47. Nokdiak Moncong Panjang Zaglossus bruijni Long-beaked Echidna Critically Endangered Appendix II
48. Musang Sulawesi Macrogalidia musschenbroekii Sulawesi Civet, Brown Palm Civet Vulnerable
49. Musang Linsang Prionodon linsang Banded Linsang Least Concern Appendix II
50. Musang Air Cynogale bennettii Otter Civet Endangered Appendix II
51. Monyet Yaki Macaca nigra Black Crested Macaque Critically Endangered Appendix II
52. Monyet Digo Macaca ochreata Booted Macaque Vulnerable Appendix II
53. Monyet Darre Macaca maura Moor Macaque Endangered Appendix II
54. Monyet Boti Macaca tonkeana Tonkean Macaque, Tonkean Black Macaque Vulnerable Appendix II
55. Macan Tutul Panthera pardus melas Leopard Vulnerable Appendix I
56. Macan Dahan Neofelis nebulosa diardi Clouded Leopard Vulnerable Appendix I
57. Lutung Surili Presbytis comata Javan Surili, Javan Grizzled Langur Endangered Appendix II
58. Lutung Simpai Presbytis melalophos Sumatran Surili, Mitred Leaf Monkey Endangered Appendix II
59. Lutung Simakobu Simias concolor Pig-tailed Langur Critically Endangered Appendix I
60. Lutung Merah Presbytis rubicunda Maroon Langur Least Concern Appendix II
61. Lutung Kelabu Trachypithecus cristatus Silvered Langur Near Threatened Appendix II
62. Lutung Kedih Presbytis thomasi Thomas’s Langur Vulnerable Appendix II
63. Lutung Joja Presbytis potenziani Mentawai Langur Endangered Appendix I
64. Lutung Jirangan Presbytis frontata White-fronted Langur Vulnerable Appendix II
65. Lutung Budeng Trachypithecus auratus Ebony Leaf Monkey Vulnerable Appendix II
66. Lumba-lumba Totol Stenella attenuata Pantropical Spotted Dolphin Least Concern Appendix II
67. Lumba-lumba Risso Grampus griseus Risso’s Dolphin, Grey Dolphin Least Concern Appendix II
68. Lumba-lumba Moncong Panjang Delphinus capensis Long-beaked Common Dolphin Data Deficient Appendix II
69. Lumba-lumba Moncong Panjang Stenella longirostris Long-snouted Dolphin Data Deficient Appendix II
70. Lumba-lumba Hitam Tak Bersirip Neophocaena phocaenoides Indo-Pacific Finless Porpoise Vulnerable Appendix I
71. Lumba-lumba Hidung Botol Indopasifik Tursiops aduncus Indo-Pacific Bottlenose Dolphin, Indian Ocean Bottlenose Dolphin Data Deficient Appendix II
72. Lumba-lumba Hidung Botol Tursiops truncatus Bottle-nosed Dolphin Least Concern Appendix II
73. Lumba-lumba Gigi Kasar Steno bredanensis Rough-toothed Dolphin Least Concern Appendix II
74. Lumba-lumba Garis Stenella coeruleoalba Striped Dolphin, Euphrosyne Dolphin Least Concern Appendix II
75. Lumba-lumba Fraser Lagenodelphis hosei Fraser’s Dolphin, Sarawak Dolphin Least Concern Appendix II
76. Lumba-lumba Bongkok Sousa chinensis Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin , Chinese White Dolphin Vulnerable Appendix I
77. Landak Jawa Hystrix javanica Sunda Porcupine Least Concern Appendix III
78. Kuskus yaben Phalanger sericeus Silky Cuscus Least Concern
79. Kuskus tembung Strigocuscus celebensis Small Sulawesi Cuscus Vulnerable
80. Kuskus Talaud Ailurops melanotis Talaud Bear Cuscus Critically Endangered
81. Kuskus siku putih Phalanger vestitus Stein’s Cuscus Least Concern
82. Kuskus Selatan Phalanger intercastellanus Eastern Common Cuscus, Southern Common Cuscus Least Concern Appendix II
83. Kuskus scham-scham Spilocuscus papuensis Waigeo Cuscus, Waigeo Spotted Cuscus Vulnerable Appendix II
84. Kuskus pontai Spilocuscus maculatus Common Spotted Cuscus Least Concern Appendix II
85. Kuskus peleng Strigocuscus pelengensis Peleng Cuscus Least Concern
86. Kuskus Obi Phalanger rothschildi Obi Cuscus, Obi Island Cuscus Least Concern
87. Kuskus Matabiru Phalanger matabiru Blue-eyed Cuscus Vulnerable
88. Kuskus Gunung Phalanger carmelitae Mountain Cuscus Least Concern
89. Kuskus Guannal Phalanger gymnotis Ground Cuscus Least Concern
90. Kuskus Gebe Phalanger alexandrae Gebe Cuscus Endangered
91. Kuskus bohai Spilocuscus rufoniger Black-spotted Cuscus Critically Endangered
92. Kukang Sumatera Nycticebus coucang Greater Slow Loris Vulnerable Appendix I
93. Kukang Kalimantan Nycticebus menagensis Philippine Slow Loris Vulnerable Appendix I
94. Kukang Jawa Nycticebus javanicus Javan Slow Loris Critically Endangered Appendix I
95. Kucing Tandang Prionailurus planiceps Flat-headed Cat Endangered Appendix I
96. Kucing Merah Catopuma badia Borneo Bay Cat Endangered Appendix II
97. Kucing Kuwuk Prionailurus bengalensis Leopard Cat Least Concern Appendix II
98. Kucing Emas Catopuma temminckii Asiatic Golden Cat Near Threatened Appendix I
99. Kucing Batu Pardofelis marmorata Marbled Cat Near Threatened Appendix I
100 Kucing Bakau Prionailurus viverrinus Fishing Cat Vulnerable Appendix II
101 Krabuku Sangihe Tarsius sangirensis Sangihe Tarsier Endangered Appendix II
102 Krabuku Peleng Tarsius pelengensis Peleng Tarsier Endangered Appendix II
103 Krabuku Kecil Tarsius pumilus Pygmy Tarsier Data Deficient Appendix II
104 Krabuku Ingkat Tarsius bancanus Western Tarsier Vulnerable Appendix II
105 Krabuku Diana Tarsius dentatus Dian’s Tarsier, Diana Tarsier Vulnerable Appendix II
106 Kijang Muncak Muntiacus muntjak Sundaland Red Muntjac Least Concern
107 Kijang Kuning Muntiacus atherodes Bornean Yellow Muntjac Near Threatened
108 Kelinci Sumatera Nesolagus netscheri Sumatran Rabbit Vulnerable
109 Kekah Presbytis natunae Natuna Island Surili, Natuna Leaf Monkey Vulnerable Appendix II
110 Kangguru Pohon Wakera Dendrolagus inustus Grizzled Tree Kangaroo Vulnerable Appendix II
111 Kangguru Pohon Nemena Dendrolagus ursinus White-throated Tree Kangaroo Vulnerable Appendix II
112 Kangguru Pohon Ndomea Dendrolagus dorianus Doria’s Tree Kangaroo Vulnerable
113 Kangguru Pohon Mbaiso Dendrolagus mbaiso Dingiso Endangered
114 Kangguru Pohon Hias Dendrolagus goodfellowi Goodfellow’s Tree Kangaroo, Ornate Tree-kangaroo Endangered
115 Kancil Kecil Tragulus kanchil Lesser Mousedeer Least Concern
116 Kambing Hutan Sumatera Capricornis sumatraensis Sumatran Serow, Serow Vulnerable Appendix I
117 Kalong Talaud Pteropus pumilus Little Golden-mantled Flying-fox Near Threatened Appendix II
118 Harimau Sumatera Panthera tigris sumatrae Tiger Endangered Appendix I
119 Gajah Asia Elephas maximus Asian Elephant, Indian Elephant Endangered Appendix I
120 Duyung Dugong dugon Dugong, Sea Cow Vulnerable Appendix I
121 Cukbo Ekor Merah Iomys horsfieldi Javanese Flying Squirrel Least Concern
122 Codot Talaud Acerodon humilis Talaud Fruit Bat Endangered Appendix II
123 Codot Gigi Kecil Neopteryx frosti Small-toothed Fruit Bat Endangered
124 Bokol Borneo Lariscus hosei Four-striped Ground Squirrel Near Threatened
125 Binturong Arctictis binturong Binturong, Bearcat Vulnerable Appendix II
126 Beruk Mentawai Macaca pagensis Pagai Island Macaque, Pagai Macaque Critically Endangered Appendix II
127 Beruang Madu Helarctos malayanus Sun Bear Vulnerable Appendix I
128 Berang-Berang Wregul Lutrogale perspicillata Smooth-coated Otter Vulnerable Appendix II
129 Berang-Berang Pantai Lutra lutra Common Otter Near Threatened Appendix I
130 Berang-Berang Gunung Lutra sumatrana Hairy-nosed Otter Endangered Appendix II
131 Bekantan Nasalis larvatus Proboscis Monkey, Long-nosed Monkey Endangered Appendix I
132 Banteng Bos javanicus Banteng, Tembadau Endangered Appendix I
133 Badak Sumatera Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Sumatran Rhinoceros Critically Endangered Appendix I
134 Badak Jawa Rhinoceros sondaicus Javan Rhinoceros Critically Endangered Appendix I
135 Babirusa Tualangio Babyrousa babyrussa Hairy Babirusa, Babiroussa Vulnerable Appendix I
136 Anoa Gunung Bubalus quarlesi Mountain Anoa Endangered Appendix I
137 Anoa Dataran Rendah Bubalus depressicornis Lowland Anoa, Anoa Endangered Appendix I
138 Anjing Ajag Cuon alpinus Dhole, Asiatic Wild Dog Endangered Appendix II

Itulah satwa atau hewan langka dilindungi yang penting diketahui. Semoga satu diantaranya bukan termasuk hewan peliharaan Anda di rumah saat ini. Bila iya, segeralah melaporkannya ke BBKSDA Sulsel untuk ditangani sebagaimana mestinya.

Untuk diketahui, Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1990 tentang Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Hayati dan Ekosistemnya. Pelanggaran atas perdagangan atau pemeliharaan hewan langka secara ilegal akan dijerat hukuman penjara 5 tahun dan denda 100 juta rupiah.

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